TITLE

Influence of substrate temperature on growth of nanocrystalline silicon carbide by reactive magnetron sputtering

AUTHOR(S)
Colder, H.; Rizk, R.; Morales, M.; Marie, P.; Vicens, J.; Vickridge, I.
PUB. DATE
July 2005
SOURCE
Journal of Applied Physics;7/15/2005, Vol. 98 Issue 2, p024313
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Hydrogenated nanocrystalline silicon carbide were grown at various deposition temperatures Td from 200 to 600 °C by means of reactive magnetron sputtering in a plasma of 80% H2 and 20% Ar mixture. A detailed investigation of the structural, compositional, phase nature, and morphology was carried out by complementary sophisticated techniques, such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction (XRD), Rutherford backscattering, nuclear reaction, and elastic recoil detection analysis techniques, in addition to conventional and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) observations. A crystallization onset with a fraction of 35% was observed for Td=300 °C, which improved to 80% for Td=600 °C, reflected by an increasing density of the SiC nanocrystals which kept an average size of about 5 nm. The observed fiber textures present <102> and <11ℓ> texture components, with ℓ larger than 2, while SiC nanocrystals elongated along the [111] direction are also evidenced. These latter are supported by the careful analyses of the HRTEM images which show evidence of faulted growing cubic SiC, as the origin of the very close hexagonal 6H–SiC structure taken into account in the XRD refinement. These various features were found quite consistent with the optical properties of the layers, and, in particular, the evolutions of both optical gap and static refractive index.
ACCESSION #
17818261

 

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