Gigantic enhancement of magnetochiral effect in photonic crystals

Sawada, Kei; Nagaosa, Naoto
July 2005
Applied Physics Letters;7/25/2005, Vol. 87 Issue 4, p042503
Academic Journal
We theoretically propose a method to enhance dramatically a magnetochiral (MC) effect by using the photonic crystals composed of a multiferroic material. The MC effect, the directional birefringence even for unpolarized light, is so small that it has been difficult to observe experimentally. Two kinds of periodic structures are investigated: (a) a multilayer and (b) a stripe composed of a magnetochiral material and air. In both cases, the difference in reflectivity between different magnetization directions is enhanced by a factor of hundreds compared with a bulk material.


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