TITLE

The Influence of Incipient Latent Heat Release on the Precipitation Distribution of the 24–25 January 2000 U.S. East Coast Cyclone

AUTHOR(S)
Brennan, Michael J.; Lackmann, Gary M.
PUB. DATE
July 2005
SOURCE
Monthly Weather Review;Jul2005, Vol. 133 Issue 7, p1913
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The role of a diabatically produced lower-tropospheric potential vorticity (PV) maximum in determining the precipitation distribution of the 24–25 January 2000 U.S. East Coast cyclone is investigated. Operational numerical weather prediction (NWP) models performed poorly with this storm, even within 24 h of the event, as they were unable to properly forecast the westward extent of heavy precipitation over the Carolinas and mid-Atlantic. The development of an area of incipient precipitation (IP) around 0600 UTC 24 January over the southeastern United States prior to rapid cyclogenesis was also poorly forecasted by the operational NWP models. It is hypothesized that the lower-tropospheric diabatic PV maximum initially produced by the IP was important to subsequent inland moisture transport over the Carolinas and mid-Atlantic. A PV budget confirms that latent heat release in the midtroposphere associated with the IP led to the initial formation of a PV maximum in the lower troposphere that propagated eastward in association with the IP to the Atlantic coast late on 24 January. The impact of this PV maximum on the westward moisture transport was quantified by piecewise Ertel PV inversion. Results from the inversion show that the balanced flow associated with this evolving cyclonic PV maximum contributed substantially to the onshore moisture flux into the Carolinas and Virginia. The balanced flow associated with the PV anomaly also contributed to quasigeostrophic forcing for ascent in the region. These findings suggest that accurate numerical prediction of the precipitation distribution in this event requires adequate representation of the IP and its associated impacts on the PV distribution.
ACCESSION #
17744851

 

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