TITLE

One-milliliter wet-digestion for inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS): determination of platinum-DNA adducts in cells treated with platinum(II) complexes

AUTHOR(S)
Yamada, Kanae; Kato, Naoyuki; Takagi, Akimitsu; Koi, Minoru; Hemmi, Hiromichi
PUB. DATE
August 2005
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Aug2005, Vol. 382 Issue 7, p1702
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Platinum (Pt)–DNA adducts formed by the anti-tumor agent cisplatin are recognized by the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system. To investigate the involvement of MMR proteins including hMLH1 in the removal of these adducts, we developed a mL-scale wet-digestion method for inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The detection limit was 0.01 ng mL−1 Pt, which corresponded to 2 pg Pt/μg DNA when 10 μg of DNA was used. The mean relative errors were 5.4% or better for a dynamic range of 0.01–10 ng mL−1 Pt. DNA (~500 μg) had no matrix effect. To improve the accuracy, DNA preparations were treated with ribonuclease and the apparent reduction in the concentration of Pt was corrected using cellular DNA levels, which were determined with Hoechst 33258. No significant differences were observed, in terms of the formation of Pt–DNA adducts or their removal over 6 h, between hMLH1-deficient HCT116 cells, a human colorectal cancer cell line, and hMLH1-complemented HCT116+ch3 cells ( n=5; P>0.05), indicating that the hMLH1-dependent DNA repair systems contribute to neither the formation nor the removal of the adducts at detectable levels. In addition, approximately 19% of the adducts were removed within 6 h in both cell lines. A time course analysis (~24 h) suggested that the removal of cisplatin-generated Pt–DNA adducts follows first-order kinetics ( t1/2=32 h). The amount of Pt–DNA adduct formed by oxaliplatin in 1 h was 56% (ratio of means) of that generated by an equimolar concentration of cisplatin in HCT116. The proposed procedure could be useful for determining Pt–DNA adducts formed by Pt(II) complexes.
ACCESSION #
17719887

 

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