An Electromyographic Study of Masseter and Anterior Temporalis Muscles in Extra-Articular Myogenous TMJ Pain Patients Compared to an Asymptomatic and Normal Population

Scopel, Valdecir; Alves da Costa, Gilce S.; Urias, Dayse
July 2005
CRANIO: The Journal of Craniomandibular & Sleep Practice;Jul2005, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p194
Academic Journal
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the therapy with a centric relation stabilization appliance (CRSA) in patients with temporomandibular disorders of myogenous origin by electromyography and compare the results with two asymptomatic control groups. Three groups of 20 patients each were selected for the study. Electromyography (EMG) of masseter and anterior temporalis muscles was performed during mandibular rest position. In the treated group, the occlusal appliance reduced the electrical activity of the analyzed muscles at right and left sides (p<0.0001), and equilibrated muscular activity between right and left sides (p<0.0001), reaching values close to the control groups. Although there was not a statistically significant difference, the normal control group presented lower EMG values than control group II and presented the lowest asymmetry index of all subjects. More than 85% of all subjects, including the controls, demonstrated a statistically significant temporal anterior activity prevalence (p<0.0001). Treatment with the CRSA reduced the activity index, although the prevalence of the temporal muscle over the masseter was maintained. The significant laterodeviating (torque) effect found in the temporomandibular disorder patients was reduced after treatment. No side prevalence was found in the control groups.


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