TITLE

Acetate metabolism and bicarbonate generation during hemodialysis: 10 years of observation

AUTHOR(S)
Vinay, Patrick; Prud'Homme, Michel; Vinet, Bernard; Cournoyer, Ginette; Degoulet, Patrice; Leville, Michel; Gougoux, Andrè; St-Louis, Gilles; Lapierre, Louis; Piette, Yves
PUB. DATE
May 1987
SOURCE
Kidney International;May1987, Vol. 31 Issue 5, p1194
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The capacity of chronically hemodialyzed patients to metabolize acetate during conventional hemodialysis was evaluated using a retrospective study in 219 patients dialyzed for up to ten years under similar dialysis conditions. For each patient, and using all available data, a regression line relating the changes of plasma total CO2 during dialysis as a function of the pre-dialysis value was calculated. The intercept of this function indicates the plasma concentration where the losses of bicarbonate in the dialysate is matched by the generation of bicarbonate arising from the metabolism of acetate. This value therefore represents an individual index of the capacity of each patient to metabolize acetate. A value for this index smaller than 18.0 mM was considered abnormal. It was shown that around 10% of chronically hemodialyzed patients are clearly unable to metabolize acetate optimally. This defect is not related to the duration of dialysis, body weight or quality of hemodialysis treatments but is strongly related to sex, 19 of the 22 ‘acetate intolerant’ patients being women. In a prospective study, all the 60 patients of the same population undergoing active dialysis were studied, and this index identified 12 abnormal (11 women, 1 man) patients and 48 normal patients.. Plasma acetate measured at the end their dialysis treatments were significantly higher in abnormal than in normal patients. It is concluded: 1) that this index is useful to identify the patients unable to metabolize acetate optimally: 2) that only around 10% of hemodialyzed patients present a severe problem when dialyzed against acetate and should be dialyzed against bicarbonate; 3) that dialysis against acetate does not fully correct the metabolic acidosis even in ‘normal’ patients.
ACCESSION #
17676919

 

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