ADHD in America: A Bioecological Analysis

Stolzer, Jeanne
March 2005
Ethical Human Psychology & Psychiatry;Spring2005, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p65
Academic Journal
The mass labeling and drugging of American children bas reached epidemic proportions. Currently, Americans are immersed in a linear medical model which promotes the wide-spread use of psychotropic medications in child populations in order to control undesirable behaviors. While no one bas any idea of the long-term results of this giant proxy experiment, many academicians, researchers, and medical professionals are actively questioning the reliability and validity of this reductionistic and deterministic model. This article will explore the ADHD phenomenon using Urie Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory. Familial, political, economical, biological, medical, contextual, cultural, and historical system alterations will be explored in depth in order to gain new insights into the myth of ADHD. Particular attention will be given to the interactive nature of the various systems proposed by Bronfenbrenner, and integral linkages will be discussed. The goal of this article is to offer a theoretically sound alternative to the current medical model and to challenge the existing ADHD paradigm that pathologizes normal-range child behaviors.


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