Effect of protamine on the permeability and structure of rat peritoneum

Alavi, Nahid; Lianos, Elias; Andres, Giuseppe; Bentzel, Carl J.
January 1982
Kidney International;Jan1982, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p44
Academic Journal
Effect of protamine on the permeability and structure of rat peritoneum. The effect of protamine, a polycationic protein, on the mesothelial permeability and ultrastructure was evaluated in a rat model of peritoneal dialysis. The peritoneal permeability to urea and inulin were measured after the intraperitoneal instillation of protamine sulfate in varying concentrations. A functional correlation was made with the ultrastructure of omentum. Protamine concentrations between 5 and 30 μg/ml decreased the permeability to inulin without significantly altering that of urea. At concentrations from 30 to 75 μg/ml, protamine increased permeability to urea by 50% and to inulin by 20%. Mesothelial cells revealed a loss of microvilli and minor degrees of disorganization of submembranous, cytoplasmic microfilaments without significant changes in the intramembranous structure of occluding junctions. Effects were partially reversible. At a concentration of 100 μg/ml, there was an irreversible doubling in permeability to inulin without a comparable effect on permeability to urea associated with the disruption of occluding junctions in focal areas. This complex response to protamine suggests at least two transperitoneal diffusion pathways, transcellular and paracellular. The mesothelial cell occluding junctions may be a diffusion barrier in the latter pathway.


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