Öztürk, Yener
June 2003
Ekev Academic Review;Summer2003, Vol. 7 Issue 16, p131
Academic Journal
This study interprets the verse declaring that ‘good is from God, and evil is from the self’ with a kelami (theological) respect. Both of terms hasanah/goodness and sayyiah/evil are used in a general sense. In verse 79 of Surah an-Nisa, investigated in this study, the term ‘hasanah’ is used to mean any material benefaction and good deed while the term ‘sayyiah’ is used to mean both ‘a penalty’ imposed in return for evil deeds, and ‘evil deeds necessitating penalty.’ Every material benefaction, seemingly possessed by man, is subsistence directly granted by God to his disposition, and every hasanah in the sense of charity and worship is, too, essentially from God since man can perform any charity and goodness only through power and opportunities granted by God. It is God who wishes for, commands and promotes goodness while it is the man who wishes for evil and who causes it to occur. In this context, the cause of every sayyiah (badness) which befalls on man (excluding those intended for trial) is his own deficits and neglects while the agent of every sayyiah in the sense of evil deed and sin is himself.


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