Dislocation-free strained silicon-on-silicon by in-place bonding

Cohen, G. M.; Mooney, P. M.; Paruchuri, V. K.; Hovel, H. J.
June 2005
Applied Physics Letters;6/20/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 25, p251902
Academic Journal
In-place bonding is a technique where silicon-on-insulator (SOI) slabs are bonded by hydrophobic attraction to the underlying silicon substrate when the buried oxide is undercut in dilute HF. The bonding between the exposed surfaces of the SOI slab and the substrate propagates simultaneously with the buried oxide etching. As a result, the slabs maintain their registration and are referred to as “bonded in-place”. We report the fabrication of dislocation-free strained silicon slabs from pseudomorphic trilayer Si/SiGe/SOI by in-place bonding. Removal of the buried oxide allows the compressively strained SiGe film to relax elastically and induce tensile strain in the top and bottom silicon films. The slabs remain bonded to the substrate by van der Waals forces when the wafer is dried. Subsequent annealing forms a covalent bond such that when the upper Si and the SiGe layer are removed, the bonded silicon slab remains strained.


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