High-density vertically aligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes with tubular structures

Kayastha, Vijaya Kumar; Yap, Yoke Khin; Pan, Zhengwei; Ivanov, Ilia N.; Puretzky, Alex A.; Geohegan, David B.
June 2005
Applied Physics Letters;6/20/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 25, p253105
Academic Journal
Ammonia (NH3) gas was thought to be essential for the growth of vertically aligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes (VA-MWCNTs) and led to the formation of bamboo-like structures. Here, we show that VA-MWCNTs with ideal tubular structures can be grown on substrates by various mixed gases with or without NH3 gas. The growth of these VA-MWCNTs is guided by a growth model that combined the dissociative adsorption of acetylene molecules (C2H2) and the successive vapor-liquid-solid growth mechanism. Results indicate that the key factor for growing these VA-MWCNTs is a balance between the decomposition rate of the C2H2 molecules on the iron catalyst and the subsequent diffusion and segregation rates of carbon.


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