TITLE

Environmental and Economic Impacts of Decision-Making at an Arable farm: An Integrative Modeling Approach

AUTHOR(S)
Lindgren, Urban; Elmquist, Helena
PUB. DATE
June 2005
SOURCE
AMBIO - A Journal of the Human Environment;Jun2005, Vol. 34 Issue 4/5, p393
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study examines the dependency between physical and anthropogenic systems in arable farming. The dynamic simulation model, which has its methodological origins in the modeling traditions of environmental systems analysis and microsimulation, reproduces the mutual links between the physical flows (e.g. energy, materials, emissions, and products), the farmer as a decision-making agent, and structural conditions influencing the farm. In running the model, the intention is to answer the question: What are the impacts on profitability and the environment (i.e. greenhouse gas effects, eutrophication, acidification, and energy use) of variations in prices, subsidies, the farmer's environmental values, and the farmer's skill in making production allocation choices? The results of the model simulations indicate, for example, that in terms of economic performance, a farmer can choose between two relatively sustainable strategies—either to specialize in organic production (thereby benefiting from higher subsidies and output prices), or to focus on conventional cultivation and use of pesticides and fertilizers (thereby benefiting from large yields). Regarding environmental impacts, there was no clear-cut divide between organic and conventional farming due to difficulties in allocating the use of manure. This finding is essentially related to the choice of system boundary, which is thoroughly discussed in the paper.
ACCESSION #
17632801

 

Related Articles

  • SALSA: A Simulation Tool to Assess Ecological Sustainability of Agricultural Production. Eriksson, Ingrid Strid; Elmquist, Helena; Nybrant, Thomas // AMBIO - A Journal of the Human Environment;Jun2005, Vol. 34 Issue 4/5, p388 

    In order to assess the ecological sustainability of agricultural production systems, there is a need for effective tools. We describe an environmental systems analysis tool called SALSA (Systems Analysis for Sustainable Agriculture). It consists of substance/material flow models in which the...

  • Assessing the Impact of Pluriactivity on Sustainable Agriculture. A Case Study in Rural Areas of Beotia in Greece. Giourga, Christina; Loumou, Angeliki // Environmental Management;Jun2006, Vol. 37 Issue 6, p753 

    Pluriactivity of farms, or part-time farming, is a common feature of agriculture in all countries regardless of their socioeconomic system and level of development. Currently, pluriactivity is related to the values of sustainable agriculture. The objective of this study is to delineate those...

  • ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THE TOWN COVACI, TIMIS COUNTY. COPCEA, Anişoara DUMA; MATEOC-SIRB, Nicoleta; MATEOC-SIRB, Teodor; MIHUT, Casiana // Scientific Papers: Management, Economic Engineering in Agricultu;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p85 

    The goal of the present paper is to get information concerning the technical and fertility features of agricultural lands to be able to determine their present general production capacity in different crops and, implicitly, the uses that underlies technically and scientifically the most proper...

  • 20-Minute University.  // Restaurant Business;Feb2008, Vol. 107 Issue 2, p54 

    The article presents information on alternative farming methods that can be practiced in the U.S. It says that sustainable agriculture is a new method of agriculture that implements agricultural practices while considering their effects on society and the environment. It aims for the present and...

  • NEED TO DEVELOP THE IRRIGATION SYSTEM FOR BOOSTING THE ROMANIAN AGRICULTURAL POTENTIAL. TEODOR, Cristian // Quality - Access to Success;Mar2014, Vol. 15 Issue 139, p171 

    This paper aims to examine one of the main problems agriculture is facing, the lack of developed irrigation infrastructure. The precarious state of the irrigation system is an obstacle to the development of the agricultural potential of Romania. Using irrigation increases productivity but also...

  • Cross-Site Comparison of Land-Use Decision-Making and Its Consequences across Land Systems with a Generalized Agent-Based Model. Magliocca, Nicholas R.; Brown, Daniel G.; Ellis, Erle C. // PLoS ONE;Jan2014, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1 

    Local changes in land use result from the decisions and actions of land-users within land systems, which are structured by local and global environmental, economic, political, and cultural contexts. Such cross-scale causation presents a major challenge for developing a general understanding of...

  • Sustainable ag survey released.  // Western Farm Press;5/2/2009, Vol. 31 Issue 12, p21 

    The article reports on the findings of a survey regarding the implementation of sustainable agricultural practices in the U.S. The study reveals that about 70 percent of the U.S. According to John Ryan, president of Rabo AgriFinance, sustainable agricultural practices are the cornerstone of...

  • THE NEW HOOSIER FARMER IS A CITY GIRL.  // Indianapolis Monthly;Sep2013, Vol. 37 Issue 1, p73 

    The article reports on Amy Mathew, a farmer of Indiana, who started South Circle Farm in 2011, on just under 2 acres of abandoned city land which a community- development corporation offered her. She had to build the farm from the scratch. An early career in hunger- related social work awakened...

  • Creating ranch success. Gordon, Kindra // Dakota Farmer;Jul2012, p10 

    The article focuses on the strategy of couple farmers Jim and Karen Kopriva in providing sustainable beef operation on its Kopriva Angus farm in Raymond, South Dakota. It provides a brief profile of Kopriva Angus, which has 300 registered and commercial Angus cows and 2,000 owned and leased...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of NEW JERSEY STATE LIBRARY

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics