TITLE

GALVIJŲ VIRUSINĖS DAIRĖJOS VIRUSŲ IR ROTA VIRUSŲ INFEKCIJOS EPIZOOTOLOGINIŲ YPATUMŲ PALYGINAMASIS TYRIMAS

AUTHOR(S)
Šalomskas, Algirdas; Mockeliūnienė, Violeta; Mockeliūnas, Raimundas
PUB. DATE
June 2005
SOURCE
Veterinarija ir Zootechnika;2005, Vol. 30 Issue 52, p34
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of antibodies to BVDV and RV in cattle, to describe the association between the size of herd and number of seropositive animals, and to evaluate the possible influence of BVDV infection on RV spreading. Blood sera samples were taken from cows from 51 herds in 5 administrative districts of Northern Lithuania. Herds' size ranged from 3 to 400 cows. Herds with >100 cows were considered large (n = 11) and other 40 small herds had less than 10 cattle. Blood sera samples were tested for the presence of antibodies against BVDV in commercial competition ELISA test kit. The presence of antibodies against RV was tested in modified blocking ELISA. A comparison of serodistribution dynamics of BVDV and RV infections in cattle of different size herds has revealed the antibodies against BVDV and RV in cattle from the most of the large herds. The prevalence of antibodies to RV in large and small herds of unvaccinated cattle was comparable - 90.1% and 91.1%, respectively (P > 0.05). The number of antibodies to BVDV carriers in large herds was 2.7 times higher than in small units (P < 0.05). Our results have shown no association between the size of the herd and the number of seropositive to RV animals. It was estimated that 97.5 % of small and all large herds respectively were seropositive to RV. In contrast, the high dominance of BVDV infected large herds and BVDV naive small herds was found. However, any impact of BVDV infection on prevalence of antibodies to RV has been determined.
ACCESSION #
17574969

 

Related Articles

  • Are persistently infected cattle in your herd? Mourer, Gant; Whitworth, Barry // High Plains Journal;11/3/2014, Vol. 132 Issue 45, p8A 

    The article informs that some animals will be persistently infected (PI) as a fetus with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) will carry BVDV their entire life.

  • Ranch BVD-PI biosecurity. Peck, Clint // BEEF;Spring2008 Cow Calf Issue, Vol. 44, p18 

    The article offers tips on how to manage and control bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus infection in cattle herds. Montana State Veterinarian Marty Zaluski advises ranchers and cattle feeders to coordinate with veterinarians for the right components of a biosecurity program, while animal...

  • BVDV and BHV-1 Infections in Dairy Herds in Northern and Northeastern Thailand. Kampa, J.; St�hl, K.; Moreno-L�pez, J.; Chanlun, A.; Aiumlamai, S.; Alenius, S. // Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica;2004, Vol. 45, p181 

    Bulk milk samples from 220 dairy herds were collected at 9 public milk collection centres in the northeastern and northern Thailand, and a subset of 11 herds was selected for individual testing. The samples were tested for presence of antibodies to BVDV and BHV-1 using an indirect ELISA. The...

  • Investigation of bovine viral diarrhoea virus-associated abortion in cattle vaccinated with inactivated vaccine. Laven, R. A.; Fountain, D.; Penny, C. // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;8/6/2005, Vol. 157 Issue 6, p173 

    Describes an investigation of abortions in vaccinated cattle from a bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV)-free farm in Scotland. Diagnosis of BVDV infection in cattle; Association of BVDV titres with abortion; Source of BVDV.

  • Analysis of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Viruses-infected monocytes: identification of cytopathic and noncytopathic biotype differences. Ammari, Mais; McCarthy, Fiona M.; Nanduri, Bindu; Pinchuk, Lesya M. // BMC Bioinformatics;2010 Supplement 6, Vol. 11, p1 

    Background: Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) infection is widespread in cattle worldwide, causing important economic losses. Pathogenesis of the disease caused by BVDV is complex, as each BVDV strain has two biotypes: non-cytopathic (ncp) and cytopathic (cp). BVDV can cause a persistent latent...

  • Fifth outbreak of disease associated with bovine viral diarrhoea virus type 2.  // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;11/12/2005, Vol. 157 Issue 20, p609 

    Evaluates the association of the outbreak of facial abscessation in cattle with bovine viral diarrhea virus type 2. History of acute-onset severe diarrhea; Cause of the development of severe respiratory distress; Identification of the failure of colostral antibody absorption as a major...

  • How big of a problem is BVD? COOKE, R. P. "DOC" // Missouri Ruralist;Oct2016, Vol. 156 Issue 10, pBP4 

    The article provides an overview of bovine viral diarrhea virus and how it affects cattle and cattle production as well as the ways on how to prevent it.

  • Vaccination Reliability. Peck, Clint // BEEF;Apr2009, Vol. 45 Issue 8, p32 

    The article focuses on bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) vaccination programs in the U.S. According to Dan Grooms from the Michigan University, vaccination programs are significant in helping prevent acute or transient BVD virus infections. It is said that vaccination protocols must be based on risk...

  • Seroprevalence of BVDV in cattle of different ages on 17 dairy farms in western England. Mawhinney, I. C.; Watson, C.; Patel, J. R. // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;5/26/2007, Vol. 160 Issue 21, p738 

    The article investigates the seroprevalence of bovine viral diarrhea virus in cattle in 17 dairy farms in western England. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of seropositive animals between first- and second-lactation animals, and in only one herd was the difference more than...

  • Treading BVD Water. Ishmael, Wes // Beef Expert Blog;9/17/2013, p5 

    The article presents information on the prevention of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) to protect cattle against its infection. It mentions about the first commercial laboratory established for PI-BVDV testing of cattle, Central States Testing (CST) in the U.S. in 2005. It also describes the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics