Long term effects of air pollution in Europe

Katsouyanni, K.
July 2005
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jul2005, Vol. 62 Issue 7, p432
Academic Journal
The article provides information on the studies related to the long-term effects of air pollution in Europe. The article states that there is an extensive documentation in Europe and North America about the short-term effects of air pollution on health and a general consensus about their order of magnitude. In contrast, long-term effects, which are potentially very important, have been addressed in only a few cohort studies. This is mainly due to the problems of designing and executing large and expensive studies of long duration. Three studies have reported results from the U.S. and only one from a Dutch cohort in Europe. The long term effects of particulate air pollution reported so far, exceed those of short term exposures and have a larger impact in terms of years of life lost The effect estimates from cohort studies, especially the ACS study, have been applied in various health impact assessment efforts. The article informs that the cohort studies reported have used individual data on outcome and confounders, but have generally assessed air pollution in an "ecological" way that is, using one fixed monitor per city and assuming all residents of this city to be exposed to the same amount of pollution.


Related Articles

  • Evaluating the Effects of Air Pollution on Sensitive Subjects. Shy, Carl M.; Muller, Keith E. // American Journal of Public Health;Jul1980, Vol. 70 Issue 7, p680 

    The article reflects on the paper "Asthma and air pollution in the Los Angeles Area," by A. S. Whittemore and E. L. Korn. It emphasizes the importance of the study particularly in evaluating the impact of air pollution on the health of individuals sensitive to it. It mentions the strategy...

  • Evaluation and application of alternative air pollution exposure metrics in air pollution epidemiology studies. Özkaynak, Halûk; Baxter, Lisa K; Burke, Janet // Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology;Nov/Dec2013, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p565 

    No abstract available.

  • Exposure prediction approaches used in air pollution epidemiology studies: Key findings and future recommendations. Baxter, Lisa K; Dionisio, Kathie L; Burke, Janet; Ebelt Sarnat, Stefanie; Sarnat, Jeremy A; Hodas, Natasha; Rich, David Q; Turpin, Barbara J; Jones, Rena R; Mannshardt, Elizabeth; Kumar, Naresh; Beevers, Sean D; Özkaynak, Halûk // Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology;Nov/Dec2013, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p654 

    Many epidemiologic studies of the health effects of exposure to ambient air pollution use measurements from central-site monitors as their exposure estimate. However, measurements from central-site monitors may lack the spatial and temporal resolution required to capture exposure variability in...

  • Prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios indicativos de asma y asociación con contaminación atmosférica en preescolaresde Bucaramanga, Colombia. Rodríguez, Laura Andrea; Rey, Juan José; Herrera, Astrid Berena; Castro, Henry; Niederbacher, Jurg; Vera, Lina María; Cala, Luz Libia; Bolívar, Fabio // Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud;mar2010, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p15 

    Introduction. Increases in the air pollution levels has well-documented harmful effects on human health, especially exacerbating problems of asthma and other allergies. Objective. The prevalence of symptoms associated with asthma was determined in preschool populations in zones with differing...

  • IN BRIEF.  // ENDS (Environmental Data Services);Jul2011, Issue 438, p24 

    This section offers British environmental news briefs. Environmental Protection UK started the Healthy Air Campaign to raise public awareness on the health impacts of air pollution and the need for further government action through adopting a cross-government air quality and public health plan....

  • On exposure and response relationships for health effects associated with exposure to vehicular traffic. Lipfert, Frederick W.; Wyzga, Ronald E. // Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology;Nov2008, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p588 

    This work examines various metrics and models that have been used to estimate long-term health effects of exposure to vehicular traffic. Such health impacts may include effects of air pollution due to emissions of combustion products and from vehicle or roadway wear, of noise, stress, or from...

  • Reducing ambient levels of fine particulates could substantially improve health: a mortality impact assessment for 26 European cities. Ballester, Ferran; Medina, Sylvia; Boldo, Elena; Goodman, Pat; Neuberger, Manfred; Iñiguez, Carmen; Künzli, Nino // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Feb2008, Vol. 62 Issue 2, p98 

    Recently new European policies on ambient air quality—namely, the adoption of new standards for fine particulate matter (PM2.5), have generated a broad debate about choosing the air quality standards that can best protect public health. The Apheis network estimated the number of potential...

  • AIR POLLUTANTS AND THE EFFECTS OF ON HUMAN BODY. Pecingin, Irina-Ramona; Popa, Roxana-Gabriela // Annals of 'Constantin Brancusi' University of Targu-Jiu. Enginee;2015, Issue 4, p213 

    Air pollution can be defined by the presence in the atmosphere of a foreign substance composition of normal or important change in the proportions of its components, which can be harmful and / or directly or indirectly induce changes on health. Direct effects are the changes occurring in the...

  • Air pollution exposure prediction approaches used in air pollution epidemiology studies. Özkaynak, Halûk; Baxter, Lisa K; Dionisio, Kathie L; Burke, Janet // Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology;Nov/Dec2013, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p566 

    Epidemiological studies of the health effects of outdoor air pollution have traditionally relied upon surrogates of personal exposures, most commonly ambient concentration measurements from central-site monitors. However, this approach may introduce exposure prediction errors and...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics