TITLE

Long term effects of air pollution in Europe

AUTHOR(S)
Katsouyanni, K.
PUB. DATE
July 2005
SOURCE
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jul2005, Vol. 62 Issue 7, p432
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article provides information on the studies related to the long-term effects of air pollution in Europe. The article states that there is an extensive documentation in Europe and North America about the short-term effects of air pollution on health and a general consensus about their order of magnitude. In contrast, long-term effects, which are potentially very important, have been addressed in only a few cohort studies. This is mainly due to the problems of designing and executing large and expensive studies of long duration. Three studies have reported results from the U.S. and only one from a Dutch cohort in Europe. The long term effects of particulate air pollution reported so far, exceed those of short term exposures and have a larger impact in terms of years of life lost The effect estimates from cohort studies, especially the ACS study, have been applied in various health impact assessment efforts. The article informs that the cohort studies reported have used individual data on outcome and confounders, but have generally assessed air pollution in an "ecological" way that is, using one fixed monitor per city and assuming all residents of this city to be exposed to the same amount of pollution.
ACCESSION #
17563735

 

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