Confounding by socioeconomic position remains after adjusting for neighbourhood deprivation: an example using smoking and mortality

Blakely, Tony; Hunt, Darren; Woodward, Alistair
December 2004
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Dec2004, Vol. 58 Issue 12, p1030
Academic Journal
The article reports an example in which residual confounding by personal socioeconomic position remains after adjusting for neighborhood deprivation. Neither indices of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation nor single individual socioeconomic factors fully characterize socioeconomic position. With regard to deprivation indices, the example used a New Zealand index of socioeconomic deprivation constructed for very small areas with population about 100. Where deprivation indices are constructed for larger groupings of people, the problem of residual confounding is likely to be greater than that shown in the study.


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