Akgündüz, Murat
September 2004
Ekev Academic Review;Fall2004, Vol. 8 Issue 21, p167
Academic Journal
In the second half of the nineteenth century, commissions were established in the office of Şeyhülislâm to deal with religious and juridical issues. One of these commission was Meclis-i Tedkîkât-ı Şer'iyye, acting as an upper court of appeal for sharia courts. Consisting of leading scholars and jurists of the time, this commission either upheld the legal decisions of the sharia courts or revoked. Furthermore, this commission was also responsible for the inspection of the sharia courts in Istanbul. Being a unique institution developed in the Ottoman State, it was abolished temporarily between 1917 and 1920 due to the fact that sharia courts were subordinated to the ministry of justice. Later, sharia courts were subordinated back to the office of Şeyhülislâm, and this commission resumed its activities until the abolishment of the office of Şeyhülislâm in 1922.


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