Kubat, Mehmet
September 2004
Ekev Academic Review;Fall2004, Vol. 8 Issue 21, p53
Academic Journal
The Sunni (Orthodox) scholars claim that upon Vâsıl b. Ata's forsaking circle of Hasan al-Basri, the Mutazilah emerged as an Islamic sect. According to this claim Hasan al-Basri expelled the first followers of Mutazilah from his circle and thence the name "Mutazilah" came to mean, in a pejorative way, 'breaking off from the generally accepted view of Muslims'. The Sunni scholars state that they have no hostile attitude towards the 'the first Mutazilah Sympathizers" who remained objective and detached during the turbulent years of its emergence. Again the Sunni scholars blamed Mutazilah as "fatalist" and "slippery version of Havaric" and considered them as the Zoroastrian of Muslims. On the other hand, they also assert that İbn Omar and the famous Muslim scholar Hasan al-Basri had nothing to do with the sect's leadership. Thus Sunni scholars have described and defined the name 'Mutazilah' well beyond their intentions. And consequently this has led to the unwanted meanings to be associated with name Mutazilah and to the blaming of its followers. In this article the deliberate attacks of Sunni scholars, most of whom were Ash'ari scholars, at the name, structure, in short at the spirit of Mutazilah in a totally prejudiced, deliberate, and conscious way have been determined.


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