TITLE

Development of cysteine-modified screen-printed electrode for the chronopotentiometric stripping analysis of cadmium(II) in wastewater and soil extracts

AUTHOR(S)
Md Noh, Mohd F.; Kadara, Rashid O.; Tothill, Ibtisam E.
PUB. DATE
June 2005
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jun2005, Vol. 382 Issue 4, p1175
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Screen-printed carbon electrodes were fabricated with amino acid functionality by using in situ co-deposition of mercury and cysteine. The three-electrode configuration (graphite carbon working electrode, carbon counter electrode and silver/silver chloride reference electrode) incorporating a cysteine-modified working electrode exhibited good sensitivity towards cadmium(II). Several experimental variables affecting the sensor stripping response were characterised and optimised. These include cysteine and mercury concentrations, deposition time, deposition potential and stripping current. Surface analysis was also conducted using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in order to characterize the electrode surface during cadmium analysis. The stripping chronopotentiometric response for cadmium(II) was linear in the concentration range 0.4–800 μg L−1 when a deposition time of 2 min was used. A detection limit of 0.4 μg L−1 was obtained using 0.025 M Tris–HCl buffer containing 0.1 M KCl (pH 7.4) as the supporting electrolyte. The analytical utility of the cysteine-modified sensor was demonstrated by applying it to cadmium analysis in various wastewater and soil samples collected from a contaminated site and extracted using acetic acid. The results obtained using the developed electrodes agreed satisfactorily with the values achieved using atomic absorption spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis. These results demonstrate the feasibility of using this type of sensor for cadmium analysis.
ACCESSION #
17434190

 

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