Probed Serial Recall in Williams Syndrome: Lexical Influences on Phonological Short-Term Memory

Brock, Jon; McCormack, Teresa; Boucher, Jill
April 2005
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2005, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p360
Academic Journal
Williams syndrome is a genetic disorder that, it has been claimed, results in an unusual pattern of linguistic strengths and weaknesses. The current study investigated the hypothesis that there is a reduced influence of lexical knowledge on phonological short-term memory in Williams syndrome. Fourteen children with Williams syndrome and 2 vocabulary-matched control groups, 20 typically developing children and 13 children with learning difficulties, were tested on 2 probed serial-recall tasks. On the basis of previous findings, it was predicted that children with Williams syndrome would demonstrate (a) a reduced effect of lexicality on the recall of list items, (b) relatively poorer recall of list items compared with recall of serial order, and (c) a reduced tendency to produce lexicalization errors in the recall of nonwords. In fact, none of these predictions were supported. Alternative explanations for previous findings and implications for accounts of language development in Williams syndrome are discussed.


Related Articles

  • The evolution of character encoding. Kline, Brooks // MultiLingual;Jan/Feb2006, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p63 

    The article attempts to help people understand the concepts and practices involved in character encoding. The history and background of character encoding is presented. It details the process of character encoding. The code points used in character mapping are explained including code character...

  • Representation of Multiplication Facts-Evidence for partial verbal coding. Moeller, Korbinian; Klein, Elise; Fischer, Martin H; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph; Willmes, Klaus // Behavioral & Brain Functions;2011, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p25 

    Background: The current view in numerical cognition research is that multiplication facts are stored and retrieved in a phonological code. Consistent with this view, it was found that multiplication could be impaired by a phonological but not by a visuo-spatial loading task. However, because the...

  • Word Learning in Children With Vocabulary Deficits. Nash, Marysia; Donaldson, Morag L. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2005, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p439 

    Word learning in 16 children with specific language impairment (SLI) was compared with that of chronological-age controls (CAC) and vocabulary-age controls (VAC), to examine the extent and nature of word-learning deficits in the children with SLI. The children were exposed to novel words in a...

  • The Cross-Script Length Effect: Further Evidence Challenging PDP Models of Reading Aloud. Rastle, Kathleen; Havelka, Jelena; Wydell, Taeko N.; Coltheart, Max; Besner, Derek // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;Jan2009, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p238 

    The interaction between length and lexical Status is one of the key findings used in support of models of reading aloud that postulate a serial process in the orthography-to-phonology translation (B. S. Weekes, 1997). However, proponents of parallel models argue that this effect arises in...

  • Beyond Decoding: Pictures of Expository Prose. Calfee, Robert; Chambliss, Marilyn // Annals of Dyslexia;1988, Vol. 38, p243 

    Just as success in decoding complex spelling patterns requires strategy and structure, so does the "decoding" of complex expository writing. We discuss the specific sources of difficulty in technical writing and distinguish between content structure and text structure. Next come presentations of...

  • Early Oral Language Markers of Poor Reading Performance in Hong Kong Chinese Children. Liu, Phil D.; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Wong, Anita M.-Y.; Tardif, Twila; Stokes, Stephanie F.; Fletcher, Paul; Hua Shu // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Jul/Aug2010, Vol. 43 Issue 4, p322 

    This study investigated the extent to which language skills at ages 2 to 4 years could discriminate Hong Kong Chinese poor from adequate readers at age 7. Selected were 41 poor readers (age M = 87.6 months) and 41 adequate readers (age M = 88.3 months). The two groups were matched on age,...

  • HANGUL: A FASCINATING WRITING SYSTEM. A COMMENT ON KWON, NAM, AND LEE (2015). ZAGAR, DANIEL // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Oct2015, Vol. 121 Issue 2, p461 

    In a recent article, Kwon, Nam, and Lee (2015) did not replicate the influence of syllable orthographic frequency on the inhibitory syllable frequency effect. Two reasons can account for this result. First, parsing syllables is not difficult in Hangul. Second, the pronunciation of the first...

  • The role of the executive functions in school readiness among preschool-age children. Shaul, Shelley; Schwartz, Mila // Reading & Writing;Apr2014, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p749 

    The aim of this study was to identify the specific contribution of executive functions to pre-academic skills (emergent literacy, phonological awareness and orthographic knowledge, and emergent mathematic knowledge) over and above cognitive and linguistic underpinning abilities such as naming,...

  • Reading vocabulary influences in phonological recoding during the development of reading skill: a re-examination of theory and practice. McKay, Michael; Thompson, G. // Reading & Writing;Feb2009, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p167 

    Children’s skill at recoding graphemes to phonemes is widely understood as the driver of their progress in acquiring reading vocabulary. This recoding skill is usually assessed by children’s reading of pseudowords (e.g., yeep) that represent “new words.” This study...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics