TITLE

Clinical Implications of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Fluoroquinolones

AUTHOR(S)
Wispelwey, Brian
PUB. DATE
July 2005
SOURCE
Clinical Infectious Diseases;7/15/2005 Supplement, Vol. 41, pS127
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This review summarizes key data illustrating the clinical importance of pharmacodynamics, particularly among the fluoroquinolone family of antibacterials. Antibacterials are often divided into 2 groups—either time-dependent or concentration-dependent agents—on the basis of their mechanism of killing. Fluoroquinolones are concentration-dependent agents, and the parameter that correlates most closely with clinical and/or bacteriological success is the ratio of the area under plasma concentration curve (AUC) to the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). The AUC:MIC threshold may vary by organism. For example, a ratio of at least 30 is often cited as optimal to achieve success against Streptococcus pneumoniae, whereas higher ratios (>100) are considered to be optimal for the treatment of infections due to gram-negative bacilli. Data are cited to suggest that the minimum ratio necessary to prevent the selection of resistant mutants may, in fact, be somewhat higher. Maximizing the AUC:MIC through the use of potent therapy may offer an opportunity to limit the development of resistance to fluoroquinolones.
ACCESSION #
17386891

 

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