TITLE

Off-diagonal elastic constant and sp2-bonded graphitic grain boundary in nanocrystalline-diamond thin films

AUTHOR(S)
Ogi, Hirotsugu; Nakamura, Nobutomo; Tanei, Hiroshi; Hirao, Masahiko; Ikeda, Ryuji; Takemoto, Mikio
PUB. DATE
June 2005
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;6/6/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 23, p231904
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This letter studies the relationship between the off-diagonal elastic constant C12 and bond configuration in nanocrystalline-diamond (NCD) thin films deposited by the nitrogen-doped chemical vapor deposition method. The film thickness was varied between 2.4 and 11.3 μm. The elastic constants were measured by resonant-ultrasound spectroscopy coupled with laser-Doppler interferometry. The diagonal elastic constants C11 and C44, and Young’s modulus in NCD films are smaller than those of the bulk polycrystalline diamond and microcrystalline-diamond (MCD) thin films, and they decrease as the film thickness decreases. However, the off-diagonal elastic constant of the NCD films is significantly larger than that of the bulk diamond, while that of the MCD films is smaller. Micromechanics calculations revealed that this exceptional enhancement of C12 occurs when the material includes randomly distributed thin graphitic plates in the isotropic diamond matrix. Thus, this result indicates that the NCD films consist of sp3-bonded diamond grains and sp2-bonded grain boundaries.
ACCESSION #
17328468

 

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