Depressive Symptomatology among University Students in Denizli, Turkey: Prevalence and Sociodemographic Correlates

Bostanci, Mehmet; Ozdel, Osman; Oguzhanoglu, Nalan Kalkan; Ozdel, Lale; Ergin, Ahmet; Ergin, Nesrin; Atesci, Figen; Karadag, Filiz
February 2005
Croatian Medical Journal;2005, Vol. 46 Issue 1, p96
Academic Journal
Aim: To determine overall and subgroup prevalence of depressive symptomatology among university students in Denizli, Turkey during the 1999-2000 academic year, and to investigate whether sociodemographic factors were associated with depressive symptoms in university students. Methods: A stratified probability sample of 504 Turkish university students (296 male, 208 female) was used in a cross-sectional study. Data were obtained by self-administered questionnaire, including questions on sociodemographic characteristics and problem areas. The revised Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used to determine depressive symptoms of the participants. BDI scores 17 or higher were categorized as depressive for logistic regression analysis. Student t-test and linear regression were used for continuous data analysis. Results: Out of all participants, 26.2% had a BDI score 17 or higher. The prevalence of depressive symptoms increased to 32.1% among older students, 34.7% among students with low socioeconomic status, 31.2% among seniors, and 62.9% among students with poor school performance. The odds ratio of depressive symptoms was 1.84 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-3.28) in students with low socioeconomic status and 7.34 (95% CI, 3.36-16.1) in students with poor school performance in the multivariate logistic model. The participants identified several problem areas: lack of social activities and shortage of facilities on the campus (69.0%), poor quality of the educational system (54.8%), economic problems (49.3%), disappointment with the university (43.2%), and friendship problems (25.9%). Conclusions: Considering the high frequency of depressive symptoms among Turkish university students, a student counseling service offering mental health assistance is necessary. This service should especially find the way to reach out to poor students and students with poor school performance.


Related Articles

  • Depression amongst Nigerian university students. Adewuya, Abiodun O.; Ola, Bola A.; Aloba, Olutayo O.; Mapayi, Boladale M.; Oginni, Olaleye O. // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Aug2006, Vol. 41 Issue 8, p674 

    Background This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and examine the socio-demographic correlates of depressive disorder among university students in Western Nigeria. Methods A representative sample of students living in the halls of residence of a federal university (n = 1,206) completed sets...

  • Using the University Student Depression Inventory to Investigate the Effect of Demographic Variables on Students' Depression. Khawaja, Nigar G.; Duncanson, Krystle // Australian Journal of Guidance & Counselling;Dec2008, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p195 

    Depression is a problem in the student population and may impact students of any age, gender and ethnicity. Previous studies have indicated student demographic characteristics are associated with depression; however, these studies have not utilised scales specifically designed to measure...

  • "The association between stressful life events and depressive symptoms among Cypriot university students: a cross-sectional descriptive correlational study". Sokratous, Sokratis; Merkouris, Anastasios; Middleton, Nicos; Karanikola, Maria // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Previous findings suggest that stressful life events have a causal relationship with depressive symptoms. However, to date little is known concerning the contribution of the number and severity of recent stressful life events on the prevalence of depressive symptoms among university...

  • Depression and Hopelessness in Secondary and Higher Education Students. ŞAR, Ali Haydar // Khazar Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences;2013, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p5 

    Depression and hopelessness are emotional problems which should be taken into consideration for secondary and higher education students in terms of development and education. In the research, it was tried to determine if depression and hopelessness vary according to education grades, gender and...

  • Depression among Chinese University Students: Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Correlates. Chen, Lu; Wang, Lin; Qiu, Xiao Hui; Yang, Xiu Xian; Qiao, Zheng Xue; Yang, Yan Jie; Liang, Yuan // PLoS ONE;Mar2013, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p1 

    The purpose of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of depression in Chinese university students, and to identify the socio-demographic factors associated with depression in this population. A multi-stage stratified sampling procedure was used to select university students...

  • Measuring Depression in the Community: A Comparison of Telephone and Personal Interviews. Aneshensel, Carol S.; Frerichs, Ralph R.; Clark, Virginia A.; Yokopenic, Patricia A. // Public Opinion Quarterly;Spring82, Vol. 46 Issue 1, p110 

    Interview method effects in response to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) are compared among a community sample (N =546) of adults randomly assigned to either telephone or in-person interviews. The interviews were conducted in Los Angeles during 1980. No significant...

  • Factores sociodemográficos asociados con los síntomas depresivos en una muestra de mujeres recluidas en dos prisiones de México. Pulido-Criollo, Frank; Rodríguez-Landa, Juan Francisco; Colorado-Martínez, Martha P. // Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica;Sep2009, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p209 

    Objectives. To determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms among a sample of women held in two Mexican prisons and to identify the sociodemographic factors associated with these symptoms. Methods. An exploratory, descriptive study was conducted of women 18-50 years of age in two prisons in...

  • Roles and practices of general practitioners and psychiatrists in management of depression in the community. Tardieu, Sophie; Alain Bottero; Patrick Blin; Michael Bohbot; Sylvia Goni; Alain Gerard; Isabelle Gasquet // BMC Family Practice;2006, Vol. 7, p5 

    Background: Little is known about depressed patients' profiles and how they are managed. The aim of the study is to compare GPs and psychiatrists for 1°) sociodemographic and clinical profile of their patients considered as depressed 2°) patterns of care provision. Methods: The study...


    Presents a study that investigated the relationship of depression to health risk behaviors and health perceptions in Korean college students. Information on cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption among adolescents; Analysis of the level of depression among the students; Discussion on...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics