Development and Validation of Questionnaire Measuring Attitudes towards Sexual Health among University Students

Nemčić, Nina; Novak, Sandra; Marić, Lana; Novosel, Ivana; Kronja, Ozren; Hren, Darko; Marušić, Ana; Marušić, Matko
February 2005
Croatian Medical Journal;2005, Vol. 46 Issue 1, p52
Academic Journal
Aim: To develop a questionnaire on attitudes towards sexual health and validate it on a sample of medical and non-medical students and adult women. Methods: For the purpose of constructing a Likert-type scale, four medical students generated 130 statements reflecting clearly positive or negative attitudes towards sexual health. The scale had five scoring points (1 - strongly disagree, 2 - disagree, 3 - undecided, 4 - agree, and 5 - strongly agree). We revised the items to ensure that all were clearly positive or clearly negative in their form, as well as straightforward in their meaning, leaving 100 items in the raw questionnaire, which was then applied to the convenience sample (total n=336) of female medical students (n=93), male medical students (n=75), female non-medical students (n=93) and adult working women with at least high-school education (n=75). After the administration of the questionnaire, we performed content examination, discriminant validation of the statements, and principal-components analysis. Results: After discriminant validation of the statements and principal-components analysis limited to three factors, the final scale contained 50 items (20 positive and 30 negative), distributed in three subscales: "Personal sexual health care," "Principles of sexual behavior," and "Safe sex behavior." The Cronbach α of the whole scale was 0.910, indicating good internal consistency. When the scores of the final scale were analyzed for the study sample, all participants had positive attitude towards sexual health, with a mean score (±standard deviation) of 4.1±0.4 out of maximum 5. The same was true for all three subscales. Female groups, regardless of their student status or age, did not differ in their attitude scores on the whole scale, as well as on any of the subscales. Male medical students had lower scores on the whole scale and all subscales than the female groups. Conclusions: It is posible to construct a reliable instrument...


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