Amorphous carbon film growth on Si: Correlation between stress and generation of defects into the substrate

Brusa, R. S.; Macchi, C.; Mariazzi, S.; Karwasz, G. P.; Laidani, N.; Bartali, R.; Anderle, M.
May 2005
Applied Physics Letters;5/30/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 22, p221906
Academic Journal
Amorphous carbon films of several thicknesses were prepared by graphite sputtering on crystalline silicon substrate. The samples were depth profiled with positron annihilation spectroscopy for open-volume measurements and characterized for their residual internal stress. It was found that after film growth the substrate presents vacancy-like defects decorated by oxygen in a layer extending in the substrate by several tens of nanometers beyond the film/Si interface. The width of the defected layer and the decoration of vacancy-like defects are directly and inversely proportional to the measured intensity of the residual stress, respectively. These findings indicate the existence of a relaxation mechanism of the stress in the films that involves deeply the substrate. The decorated vacancy-like defects are suggested to be bounded to dislocations induced in the substrate by the stress relaxation.


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