Irogbe, Kema
March 2005
Journal of Third World Studies;Spring2005, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p41
Academic Journal
The article focuses on the asymmetric relationships between the developed and the underdeveloped countries in globalization. The ideal of a universal civilization is a recipe for unending conflicts in the world. It is time to resolve the contradiction between the need to foster multiculturalism and diversity on the one hand and the promotion of globalization on the other hand. To fully understand the system of globalization, there is the need to revisit dependency theory. Dependency theory evolved in Latin America during the 1960s and later it found favor in some writings about Africa and Asia. Since both orthodox as well as the radical writers have assimilated dependency into their interpretation of development and underdevelopment, resulting in considerable confusion, effort is made here to distinguish the nature of dependency that the underdeveloped countries are subjected to turn what the orthodox scholars may claim. Contemporary perspectives of dependency reveal the contrasting forms of dominance and dependence among the nations of the capitalist world. Another fundamental concern of the dependency theory revolves around the notion that the underdeveloped countries are referred to, by many, as developing countries as if to say their development is evolutionary. Dependency relations have also shaped the social structure of underdevelopment. When the imperialist powers could no longer hold on to power in the formerly colonized territories they were forced to surrender power.


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