Ferromagnetism of an all-carbon composite composed of a carbon nanowire inside a single-walled carbon nanotube

Xiaoping Yang; Jinming Dong
April 2005
Applied Physics Letters;4/18/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 16, p163105
Academic Journal
Using the first-principles spin density functional approach, we have studied magnetism of a type of all-carbon nanomaterials, i.e., the carbon nanowires inserted into the single-walled carbon nanotubes. It is found that if the one-dimensional (1D) carbon nanowire density is not too higher, the ferromagnetic ground state will be more stable than the antiferromagnetic one, which is caused by weak coupling between the 1D carbon nanowire and the single-walled carbon nanotube. Also, both dimerization of the carbon nanowire and carbon vacancy on the tube wall are found to enhance the magnetic moment of the composite.


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