Intergranular strain correlation with magnetic behavior in steel

Hutanu, Roxana; Clapham, Lynann; Rogge, R. B.
April 2005
Applied Physics Letters;4/18/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 16, p162503
Academic Journal
The correlation between the magnetic behavior and intergranular residual strain was investigated on several mild steel samples which were plastically deformed in the range 0.5%–20% engineering strain followed by unloading. At low deformation levels (0.5%–∼2%) the samples exhibited Luders banding, but after 2% strain the samples appeared uniformly deformed. Magnetic Barkhausen noise (MBN) measurements were used to characterize magnetic behavior and neutron diffraction measurements were used to determine the inter-granular strain. MBN results indicated a high MBN value in the direction transverse to the applied stress. This corresponded to a high strain in the (100) crystallographic direction (the easy magnetization direction), as observed using neutron diffraction. Little correlation was obtained between the MBN result and the (112) strain, which is generally assumed to reflect the macroscopic residual stress. Angular MBN and neutron diffraction results further confirmed the strong correlation between the (100) strain and the MBN result.


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