Effects of nonequally biaxial misfit strains on the phase diagram and dielectric properties of epitaxial ferroelectric thin films

Jie Wang; Tong-Yi Zhang
May 2005
Applied Physics Letters;5/9/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 19, p192905
Academic Journal
The effects of nonequally biaxial in-plane misfit strains on the equilibrium polarization states and the dielectric properties of single-domain epitaxial ferroelectric thin films are investigated by a nonlinear thermodynamic theory. The “misfit strain-misfit strain” and “temperature-misfit strain” phase diagrams for single-domain BaTiO3 (BT) and PbTiO3 (PT) thin films grown on tetragonal substrates are developed by minimizing the Helmholtz free energy. The nonequally biaxial misfit strains cause the presence of two in-plane tetragonal ferreoelectric phases, a1 (P1≠0,P2=P3=0) and a2 (P2≠0,P1=P3=0), in both BT and PT thin films, which do not exist if the misfit strains are equally biaxial.


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