Carbon nanotubes-semiconductor networks for organic electronics: The pickup stick transistor

Bo, X.-Z.; Lee, C. Y.; Strano, M. S.; Goldfinger, M.; Nuckolls, C.; Blanchet, Graciela B.
May 2005
Applied Physics Letters;5/2/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 18, p182102
Academic Journal
We demonstrate an alternative path for achieving high transconductance organic transistors in spite of relatively large source to drain distances. The improvement of the electronic characteristic of such a scheme is equivalent to a 60-fold increase in mobility of the underlying organic semiconductor. The method is based on percolating networks, which we create from a dispersion of individual single-wall carbon nanotubes and narrow ropes within an organic semiconducting host. The majority of current paths between source and drain follow the metallic nanotubes but require a short, switchable semiconducting link to complete the circuit. With these nanotube-semiconducting composites we achieve effectively a 60× reduction in source to drain distance, which is equivalent to a 60-fold increase of the “effective” mobility of the starting semiconducting material with a minor decrease of the on/off current ratio. These field-induced percolating networks allow for the fabrication of high-transconductance transistors having relatively large source to drain distances that can be manufactured inexpensively by commercially available printing techniques.


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