Room-temperature resonant tunneling of electrons in carbon nanotube junction quantum wells

Biswas, Sujit K.; Schowalter, Leo J.; Yung Joon Jung; Vijayaraghavan, Aravind; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Vajtai, Robert
May 2005
Applied Physics Letters;5/2/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 18, p183101
Academic Journal
Resonant tunneling structures [M. Bockrath, W. Liang, D. Bozovic, J. H. Hafner, C. B. Lieber, M. Tinkham, and H. Park, Science 291, 283 (2001)], formed between the junction of two single walled nanotubes and the conductive atomic force microscopy tip contact were investigated using current sensing atomic force microscopy. Oscillations in the current voltage characteristics were measured at several positions of the investigated nanotube. The oscillatory behavior is shown to follow a simple quantum mechanical model, dependent on the energy separation in the quantum well formed within the two junctions. Our model shows that these observations seen over several hundreds of nanometers, are possible only if the scattering cross section at defects is small resulting in long phase coherence length, and if the effective mass of the carrier electrons is small. We have calculated the approximate mass of the conduction electrons to be 0.003 me.


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