Perry, Charles S.
September 1981
Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press);Sep1981, Vol. 62 Issue 3, p540
Academic Journal
This article refers to previous studies of energy policy innovation and consumer laws to describe adoption of state energy conservation policy as a positive function of legislative professionalism and adoption of consumer legislation, and as a negative function of recent expansion of electrical generating capacity and a coal energy base. This note relates state adoption of conservation policies to nine variables: legislative professionalism, consumer policy adoption, recent emphasis on energy production, a coal energy base, political culture, available resources, population size, energy self-sufficiency and energy consumption. Noteworthy relationships are expected for the first four variables. Legislative professionalism should relate positively because legislatures that are more professional are probably more alert to conservation innovations devised elsewhere. Consumer policy adoption should relate positively because conservation policy also appeals to consumer interests. A coal energy base should relate negatively because coal interests, which can be quite influential at the state level, are highly organized politically to encourage coal use instead of conservation or use of other fuel.


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