Comparison of mild extraction procedures for determination of plant-available arsenic compounds in soil

Száková, Jirina; Tlustoš, Pavel; Goessler, Walter; Pavlíková, Daniela; Balík, Jir&iaute;; Schlagenhaufen, Claudia
May 2005
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;May2005, Vol. 382 Issue 1, p142
Academic Journal
In this work three mild extraction agents for determination of plant-available fractions of elements in soil were evaluated for arsenic speciation in soil samples. Pepper (Capsicum annum, L.) var. California Wonder was cultivated in pots, and aqueous solutions of arsenite, arsenate, methylarsonic acid, and dimethylarsinic acid, at a concentration of 15 mg As kg-1 soil, were added at the beginning of the experiment. Control pots (untreated) were also included. Deionized water, 0.01 mol L-1 CaCl2, and 0.05 mol L-1 (NH4)2SO4 were used to extract the plant-available fraction of the arsenic compounds in soil samples collected during the vegetation period of the plants. Whereas in control samples the extractable arsenic fraction did not exceed 1% of total arsenic content, soil amendment by arsenic compounds resulted in extraction of larger amounts, which varied between 1.4 and 8.1% of total arsenic content, depending on soil treatment and on the extracting agent applied. Among arsenic compounds determined by HPLC-ICPMS arsenate was predominant, followed by small amounts of arsenite, methylarsonic acid, and dimethylarsinic acid, depending on the individual soil treatment. In all the experiments in which methylarsonic acid was added to the soil methylarsonous acid was detected in the extracts, suggesting that the soil bacteria are capable of reducing methylarsonic acid before a further methylation occurs. No significant differences were observed between analytical data obtained by using different extraction procedures.


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