TITLE

Trends in smoking behaviour between 1985 and 2000 in nine European countries by education

AUTHOR(S)
Giskes, K; Kunst, A. E.; Benach, J; Borrell, C; Costa, G; Dahi, E; Dalsfra, J A A; Federico, B; Helmert, U; Judge, K; Lahelma, E; Moussa, K; Ostergren, P O; Plait, S; Prattala, R; Rasmussen, N K; Mackenbach, J P
PUB. DATE
May 2005
SOURCE
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;May2005, Vol. 59 Issue 5, p395
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: To examine whether trends in smoking behaviour in Western Europe between 1985 and 2000 differed by education group. Design: Data of smoking behaviour and education level were obtained from national cross sectional surveys conducted between 1985 and 2000 (a period characterised by intense tobacco control policies) and analysed for countries combined and each country separately. Annual trends in smoking prevalence and the quantity of cigarettes consumed by smokers were summarised for each education level. Education inequalities in smoking were examined at four time points. Setting: Data were obtained from nine European countries: Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, and Spain. Participants: 451 386 non-institutionalised men and women 25-79 years old. Main outcome measures: Smoking status, daily quantity of cigarettes consumed by smokers. Results: Combined country analyses showed greater declines in smoking and tobacco consumption among tertiary educated men and women compared with their less educated counterparts. in country specific analyses, elementary educated British men and women, and elementary educated Italian men showed greater declines in smoking than their more educated counterparts. Among Swedish, Finnish, Danish, German, Italian, and Spanish women, greater declines were seen among more educated groups. Conclusions: Widening education inequalities in smoking related diseases may be seen in several European countries in the future. More insight into effective strategies specifically targeting the smoking behaviour of low educated groups may be gained from examining the tobacco control policies of the UK and Italy over this period.
ACCESSION #
17037454

 

Related Articles

  • How effective are tobacco industry bar and club marketing efforts in reaching young adults? Gilpin, E. A.; White, V. M.; Pierce, J. P. // Tobacco Control;Jun2005, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p186 

    Objective: Recently, the tobacco industry has focused marketing efforts on young adults through bar and club promotions, such as advertising and distribution of free cigarettes in these settings. This study estimates the fraction of the California young adult population that might be exposed and...

  • Put That in Your Hubble-Bubble and Smoke It. Robischon, Noah // Arthur Frommer's Budget Travel (Newsweek LLC);May2005, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p68 

    Presents information on the hubble-bubble, a Turkish tradition and pastime of smoking tobacco from a glass water pipe known as narghile. Information on the flavors available for hubble-bubble; Ways of smoking from narghile; Components of a narghile.

  • Characteristics of current and recent former smokers associated with the use of new potential reduced-exposure tobacco products. Parascandola, Mark; Augustson, Erik; Rose, Allison // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec2009, Vol. 11 Issue 12, p1431 

    Objectives:: To identify sociodemographic characteristics associated with having tried a potentialy reduced-exposure tobacco product (PREP) and to compare the smoking and quitting behaviors and attitudes of smokers who have tried a PREP product with non-PREP users.

  • Relation between access to tobacco and adolescent smoking. Dent, C.; Biglan, A. // Tobacco Control;Dec2004, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p334 

    Objective: To examine the relation between rates of sales of tobacco to minors and youth smoking Design: Repeated annual cross sectional surveys. Setting: Seventy five communities in Oregon. Participants: A random sample of students in grades 8 and 11 (ages 13 and 17 years) and retail outlets in...

  • Opinion Leaders' Support for Tobacco Control Policies and Participation in Tobacco Control Activities. Howard, Kim Ammann; Rogers, Todd; Howard-Pitney, Beth; Flora, June A.; Norman, Gregory J.; Ribisl, Kurt M. // American Journal of Public Health;Aug2000, Vol. 90 Issue 8, p1282 

    Objectives. Because opinion leaders hold positions from which they may influence tobacco control efforts, this study examined their support for tobacco control policies and their involvement in tobacco control activities. Methods. A telephone survey was administered to 712 California opinion...

  • The Relationship Between Smoking History and Current Functioning in Disabled Community-Living Older Adults. Haas, Amie L.; Eng, Catherine; Dowling, Glenna; Schmitt, Eva; Hall, Sharon M. // Annals of Behavioral Medicine;2005, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p166 

    Purpose: This study was conducted to determine characteristics associated with continued cigarette use in frail older adults and to examine how smoking history relates to current psychiatric, cognitive, and occupational functioning. Methods: Archival records were gathered for 1,064 patients (69%...

  • Evaluating oral noncombustible potential-reduced exposure products for smokers. Blank, Melissa D.; Eissenberg, Thomas // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Apr2010, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p336 

    Introduction:: Potential-reduced exposure products (PREPs) are marketed as a way for smokers to continue using tobacco while possibly lessening their tobacco toxicant intake. Some tobacco-based PREPs are combustible and intended to be smoked, while others are noncombustible and intended to be...

  • Japan, India: mobile smoking vans.  // Tobacco Control;Dec2004, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p323 

    The article informs that Japan Tobacco has launched mobile trailers called "Smocars" for smokers to smoke in even when it is not allowed in public places. Based on the classic Airstream holiday caravan from the USA, "Smocars" have been spotted at locations throughout Japan over the past year....

  • Educational Inequalities in Perinatal Outcomes: The Mediating Effect of Smoking and Environmental Tobacco Exposure. van den Berg, Gerrit; van Eijsden, Manon; Vrijkotte, Tanja G. M.; Gemke, Reinoud J. B. J. // PLoS ONE;May2012, Vol. 7 Issue 5, p1 

    Objective: Socioeconomic status (SES) is adversely associated with perinatal outcomes. This association is likely to be mediated by tobacco exposure. However, previous studies were limited to single perinatal outcomes and devoted no attention to environmental tobacco exposure. Therefore, this...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics