TITLE

Changes in the rate of photosynthesis accompanying the yield increase in wheat cultivars released in the past 50 years

AUTHOR(S)
Jiang, G. M.; Sun, J. Z.; Liu, H. Q.; Qu, C. M.; Wang, K. J.; Guo, R. J.; Bai, K. Z.; Gao, L. M.; Kuang, T. Y.
PUB. DATE
October 2003
SOURCE
Journal of Plant Research;Oct2003, Vol. 116 Issue 5, p347
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Photosynthetic rates in different development stages were carefully investigated in 18 cultivars of winter wheat released in the period between 1945 and 1995 in the area of Beijing, China. During this period, the recorded grain yield has increased eightfold. However, when those cultivars were planted and managed in the same environment, the difference was reduced to only 36%, indicating that agronomic practices are the most important factors for grain yield. Agronomic features have changed greatly in the past 50 years, through increasing the harvest index (R2=0.89, p<0.05), shortening plant height (R2=0.77, p<0.05) and slightly increasing flag leaf areas (R2=0.45, p<0.05), which is mostly in agreement with many other researchers. In contrast to many reports, however, this study found a genetic increase in the rate of photosynthesis per unit leaf area. From the mid-stem elongation to soft dough stages, the average photosynthetic rates at saturated photosynthetic photon flux density (psat) increased by 44%. In the process, the stomatal conductance (gs) also increased by 122%. Grain yield was positively related to the mean values of psat (R2=0.61, p<0.01) and gs (R2=0.67, p<0.01) in the six development stages. Our experiment may suggest that increase in grain yield was associated with the elevation of leaf photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance over the past 50 years.
ACCESSION #
17019770

 

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