Twenty-Millimeter Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Fewer Ports Results in Less Vain, Shorter Hospitalization, and Faster Recovery

Osborne, Dana; Boe, Brian; Rosemurgy, Alexander S.; Zervos, Emmanuel E.
April 2005
American Surgeon;Apr2005, Vol. 71 Issue 4, p298
Academic Journal
Improvements in technology offer the ability to refine operations without compromising safety. In this study, we determine whether a modified method of laparoscopic cholecystectomy using three ports and an aggregate Incision length of 20 mm offers any advantage or poses increased risk. Using a 5-mm, 30° laparoscope, clip applier, and dissector, the gall bladder is removed through an extended umbilical incision. Standard safety principles were followed: achieving the "critical view," lateral retraction of the fundus, double ligation of the proximal structures, and maintaining sterility for specimen removal. Forty-one consecutive standard laparoscopic cholecystectomies were used as a control group to compare complications, length of stay and surgery, pain scores, and return to work. Sixty patients have undergone the modified technique. There were no differences between the modified and standard technique with regard to cost or complications. Length of surgery was significantly shorter, as was length of stay, narcotics use, and return to work for the modified group versus the control. A modified technique for laparoscopic cholecystectomy poses no increased risk to patients but offers potential for shorter surgery and hospital stays, less need for narcotic analgesia, and faster recovery.


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