TITLE

Type 2 Diabetes As An Inflammatory Cardiovascular Disorder

AUTHOR(S)
Ziegler, D.
PUB. DATE
May 2005
SOURCE
Current Molecular Medicine;May2005, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p309
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Type 2 diabetes carries a 2-6-fold increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death. Indeed, the risk of major cardiovascular events in Type 2 diabetic patients without history of coronary heart disease (CHD) is equivalent to that observed in non-diabetic subjects with CHD. However, atherosclerosis may also precede the development of diabetes, suggesting that both disorders share common genetic and environmental antecedent factors (“common soil” hypothesis). One such a possible ancestor is insulin resistance which constitutes both a major feature of Type 2 diabetes and an independent risk factor for CHD. It is well documented that inflammatory processes play an important role in the causation of atherosclerotic CVD. Inflammatory mediators play a paramount role in the initiation, progression, and rupture of atherosclerotic plaques. Thus, markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction may provide additional information about a patient's risk of developing CVD and may become new targets for treatment. On the other hand, evidence has emerged suggesting that inflammation is also involved in the development of Type 2 diabetes. Prospective studies have demonstrated that increased levels of pro-inflammatory markers such as CRP or reduced levels of anti-inflammatory markers such as adiponectin predict the development of Type 2 diabetes. Thus, there is accumulating evidence suggesting that inflammation is the bridging link between atherosclerosis and the metabolic syndrome. Interventions by lifestyle modification or agents with anti-inflammatory properties may reduce the risk of both conditions. Drugs exerting antiinflammatory and vascular effects have future potential to be used within an array of interventions aimed at reducing the enormous cardiovascular burden associated with Type 2 diabetes.
ACCESSION #
16909087

 

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