CIRA/CSU Four-Dimensional Variational Data Assimilation System

Zupanski, Milija; Zupanski, Dusanka; Vukicevic, Tomislava; Eis, Kenneth; Haar, Thomas Vonder
April 2005
Monthly Weather Review;Apr2005, Vol. 133 Issue 4, p829
Academic Journal
A new four-dimensional variational data assimilation (4DVAR) system is developed at the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA)/Colorado State University (CSU). The system is also called the Regional Atmospheric Modeling Data Assimilation System (RAMDAS). In its present form, the 4DVAR system is employing the CSU/Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) nonhydrostatic primitive equation model. The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) observation operator is used to access the observations, adopted from the WRF three-dimensional variational data assimilation (3DVAR) algorithm. In addition to the initial conditions adjustment, the RAMDAS includes the adjustment of model error (bias) and lateral boundary conditions through an augmented control variable definition. Also, the control variable is defined in terms of the velocity potential and streamfunction instead of the horizontal winds. The RAMDAS is developed after the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Eta 4DVAR system, however with added improvements addressing its use in a research environment. Preliminary results with RAMDAS are presented, focusing on the minimization performance and the impact of vertical correlations in error covariance modeling. A three-dimensional formulation of the background error correlation is introduced and evaluated. The Hessian preconditioning is revisited, and an alternate algebraic formulation is presented. The results indicate a robust minimization performance.


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