TITLE

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for severe aplastic anemia—experience of an institute in Taiwan

AUTHOR(S)
Bai, L. Y.; Chiou, T. J.; Liu, J. H.; Yen, C. C.; Wang, W. S.; Yan, M. H.; Hsiao, L. T.; Chao, T. C.; Chen, P. M.
PUB. DATE
January 2004
SOURCE
Annals of Hematology;Jan2004, Vol. 83 Issue 1, p38
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an accepted treatment strategy for patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA). We report our experience in a general hospital in Taiwan. From March 1985 to July 2001, 79 consecutive SAA patients, 46 male and 33 female, with a median age of 22 (4–43) years, received 80 courses of transplantation. Cyclophosphamide and total body radiation were used for the conditioning regimen, and cyclosporine-A and methotrexate for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prevention. Patients were followed for a median of 39 months (from 8 days to 194 months). Myeloid and platelet engraftment occurred in a median of 15 (8–27) days and 18 (8–77) days, respectively. Three patients had primary and three patients secondary graft failure. Five patients (6.8%) had grade II–IV acute GVHD in 73 evaluable patients. Chronic GVHD occurred in 23 (34.8%) patients, with extensive stage in six. Only two patients had CMV disease. The projected 3- and 5-year overall survival rates estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method were 76.08 and 74.13%, respectively. Age at transplant, non-sibling donor, mononuclear cell dose, grade II–IV acute GVHD, interval from diagnosis to transplant, and red blood cell and platelet transfusion before transplant were poor prognostic factors for overall survival by univariate analysis. Grade II–IV acute GVHD was the only prognostic factor affecting overall survival after multivariate Cox regression analysis (P=0.040). In conclusion, SAA patients receiving HSCT have good long-term survival. The low incidence of acute GVHD in our patients may be related to ethnicity.
ACCESSION #
16820985

 

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