Smart-card design for ePassports

Lehrhofer, Johannes G.
April 2005
Portable Design;Apr2005, Vol. 11 Issue 4, p14
This paper discusses some crucial factors in the success of smart cards for ePassports. In the second half of 2005, most countries will start the volume rollout of electronic passports. In an effort to increase border security, the United States already has launched a legislative initiative specifically for its Visa Waiver Program, which requires visitors to present a machine-readable passport when visiting the country for less than 90 days. In addition, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) recently mandated the inclusion of biometric data in all individual travel documents. The hardware to meet these demands is available, but critical storage and processing issues still need to be solved. This push has put intense pressure on design engineers. One expected benefit of smart cards is improved processing efficiency.


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