TITLE

Evidence-Based Practice in Laparoscopic Surgery: Perioperative Care

AUTHOR(S)
Goldfaden, Aaron; Birkmeyer, John D.
PUB. DATE
March 2005
SOURCE
Surgical Innovation;Mar2005, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p51
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Best practices for reducing risks of postoperative infection, venous thromboembolism, and nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery are uncertain. As a result, perioperative care varies widely. We reviewed evidence from randomized clinical trials on the effectiveness of interventions for postoperative infection, venous thromboembolism, and nausea and vomiting Data sources were the Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials, reference lists of published trials, and randomized clinical trials published in English since 1990. Trials were also limited to those focused on patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. Data from 98 randomized clinical trials were included in the final analysis. Routine antibiotic use in laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and possibly other clean procedures not involving placement of prostheses, is likely unnecessary. Similarly, venous thromboembolism prophylaxis is probably unnecessary for low-risk patients undergoing brief procedures. Of a wide variety of methods for reducing postoperative nausea and vomiting, serotonin receptor antagonists appear the most effective and should be considered for routine prophylaxis.
ACCESSION #
16812579

 

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