A method for the prediction of ductile fracture by central bursts in axisymmetric extrusion

McAllen, P; Phelan, P
March 2005
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers -- Part C;Mar2005, Vol. 219 Issue 3, p237
Academic Journal
A new approach for the prediction of central burst defects in extrusion and wire drawing is proposed. Central burst defects are troublesome in industry as it is impossible to detect these defects by simple visual examination alone. It is therefore important to identify the combination of process parameters that will reduce the probability of these defects occurring. The proposed approach is capable of accurately predicting when and where a central burst is likely to occur. The influence of die geometry on damage development and subsequent central burst formation is examined using the modelling capabilities of Abaqus finite element software. The ductile fracture criteria of Cockcroft and Latham, Oyane and Chaouadi were employed using a Fortran subroutine, and their ability to predict the onset and evolution of the central burst defect was examined. For relatively lower area reductions and die angles the considered criteria are capable of accurately predicting the morphology of the defect. Under these conditions, the proposed approach shows good agreement with experimental results, confirming its effectiveness and suitability for industrial application. The failure criteria are inadequate in predicting central burst defect formation during conditions of large reduction in area and large semi-die angles. Further development of ductile failure criteria is necessary to accurately simulate defect evolution for all die angles and area reductions.


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