Review in Applied Electrochemistry. Number 54 Recent Developments in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Electrodes

Antolini, E.
June 2004
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry;Jun2004, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p563
Academic Journal
Since the 1980s there has been a significant lowering of the platinum loading of polymer electrolyte fuel cell electrodes from about 4–10 mg cm-2 (platinum black) to about 0.4 mg cm-2 or even less (carbon supported platinum), by the introduction of ionomer (liquid Nafion®) impregnated gas diffusion electrodes, extending the three-dimensional reaction zone. From the 1990s to the present studies have been carried out to decrease the loss of performance during cell operation due both to the presence of liquid water causing flooding of the catalyst layer and mass transport limitations and to the poisoning of platinum by the use of reformed fuels. This review deals with the developments in electrode configuration going from dual layer to three layer electrodes. The preparation methods, the characteristics and the optimal composition of both diffusion and reactive layers of these electrodes are described. The improvement in the performance of both CO tolerant anodes and cathodes with enhanced oxygen reduction by Pt alloying is also discussed.


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