TITLE

Selective oxidation of pentachlorophenol on diamond electrodes

AUTHOR(S)
Codognoto, L.; Machado, S. A. S.; Avaca, L. A.
PUB. DATE
October 2003
SOURCE
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry;Oct2003, Vol. 33 Issue 10, p951
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The influence of electrode potential on pentachlorophenol (PCP) oxidation on boron doped diamond (BDD) electrodes in a 0.1 mol L-1 Britton–Robinson buffer (pH 5.5) is described. Controlled potential electrolyses were carried at 0.9, 2.0 and 3.0 V vs Ag/AgCl and the solutions analysed by square wave voltammetry, high performance liquid chromatography, chloride ion selective electrode and spectroscopy in the ultraviolet–visible region. At low positive potential (0.9 V), the formation of an adherent film on the electrode surface involving the transference of 1 electron per PCP molecule was observed. The film was identified as the dimer 2,3,4,5,6-pentachloro-4-pentachlorophenoxy-2,5-cyclohexadienone and the current efficiency was as high as 90%. At potentials close to the onset of O2 evolution (2.0 V), the formation of the corresponding quinone (p-tetrachlorobenzoquinone) was detected at the beginning of the process. This was followed by further oxidation to the hydroxy-benzoquinone with a practically quantitative yield. Electrolyses carried out well into the region of oxygen evolution (3.0 V) lead to the electrochemical combustion of PCP to CO2 and H2O as well as to the release into solution of 5 Cl- ions per PCP molecule destroyed.
ACCESSION #
16781819

 

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