Nanoscale effects on ion conductance of layer-by-layer structures of gadolinia-doped ceria and zirconia

Azad, S.; Marina, O. A.; Wang, C. M.; Saraf, L.; Shutthanandan, V.; McCready, D. E.; El-Azab, A.; Jaffe, J. E.; Engelhard, M. H.; Peden, C. H. F.; Thevuthasan, S.
March 2005
Applied Physics Letters;3/28/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 13, p131906
Academic Journal
Layer-by-layer structures of gadolinia-doped ceria and zirconia have been synthesized on Al2O3(0001) using oxygen plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Oxygen ion conductivity greatly increased with an increasing number of layers compared to bulk polycrystalline yttria-stabilized zirconia and gadolinia-doped ceria electrolytes. The conductivity enhancement in this layered electrolyte is interesting, yet the exact cause for the enhancement remains unknown. For example, the space charge effects that are responsible for analogous conductivity increases in undoped layered halides are suppressed by the much shorter Debye screening length in layered oxides. Therefore, it appears that a combination of lattice strain and extended defects due to lattice mismatch between the heterogeneous structures may contribute to the enhancement of oxygen ionic conductivity in this layered oxide system.


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