HPLC determination of residual monomers released from heat-cured acrylic resins

Sofou, Afrodite; Tsoupi, Irene; Emmanouil, John; Karayannis, Miltiades
April 2005
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Apr2005, Vol. 381 Issue 7, p1336
Academic Journal
HPLC was used to examine the leachability of three non-phthalic and four phthalic post-polymerized residual monomers from three commercially available heat-cured acrylic resins. Specimens of equal dimensions were constructed from each brand of material by following the standardized procedure and were stored under three different conditions, namely, distilled water, artificial saliva, and a binary mixture of ethanol/water. The resulting liquids provided samples for analysis by HPLC. Three different experiments were performed for each brand of acrylic and each storage condition in order to examine the effects of parameters, particularly time and temperature. The results obtained from this study suggest that a wide spectrum of residues diffuse out of the three examined acrylic resin materials. The non-phthalic compounds were leached at high concentrations, whereas all the phthalates examined exhibited different degrees of elusion commensurate with the storage condition, brand of material, and type of experiment. It seems that a significant quantity of non-phthalic and phthalic residues diffuse out of the acrylic resin materials examined. The main component extracted was methyl methacrylate, the level of which seems to be time-dependent and decreases for a period of up to 5 days when resins are stored in distilled water at room temperature.


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