Efficiency enhancement of an organic light-emitting diode with a cathode forming two-dimensional periodic hole array

Liu, C.; Kamaev, V.; Vardeny, Z. V.
April 2005
Applied Physics Letters;4/4/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 14, p143501
Academic Journal
We fabricated an organic light-emitting diode using a π-conjugated polymer emissive layer sandwiched between two semitransparent electrodes: an optically thin gold film anode, whereas the cathode was in the form of an optically thick aluminum (Al) film with patterned periodic subwavelength two-dimensional hole array that showed anomalous transmission in the spectral range of the polymer photoluminescence band. At similar current densities, we obtained a sevenfold electroluminescence efficiency enhancement with the patterned Al device compared with a control device based on unperforated Al electrode.


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