Somatosensory evoked potentials as predictor of systemic inflammatory response syndrome in pigs?

Ohnesorge, Henning; Bischoff, Petra; Scholz, Jens; Yekebas, Enno; Schulte am Esch, Jochen
May 2003
Intensive Care Medicine;May2003, Vol. 29 Issue 5, p801
Academic Journal
journal article
Objective: Sepsis or systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is often associated with encephalopathy (70%), which has been described as an early symptom resulting in several diseases. The present study investigated somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) as an indicator or even a predictor of cerebral dysfunction evaluated in an experimental model of SIRS in pigs.Methods: Eight Göttinger minipigs were included in the study. SIRS was mediated by induction of pancreatitis due to injection (ductus pancreaticus) of 500 mg/kg sodium taurocholate and 2.5 IU/kg enterokinase. Monitored parameters were: arterial blood-central venous-pulmonary arterial pressure, and cardiac output, systemic vascular resistance, and body temperature. SEP were recorded from centroparietal vs. frontal areas after electrical stimulation of the right forepaw.Results: At least 33% loss of vascular resistance from baseline (SIRS criteria) occurred in all animals within 4-18 h. Baseline recordings in all anesthetized animals indicated primary cortical responses to electrical stimuli identified by peak latencies between 15-20 ms (SEP(P15-20)). Attenuations in the amplitudes with significant median decreases of 46% were observed at least 4 h before the defined hemodynamic SIRS criteria.Conclusions: The present data show a trend for the attenuation in SEP amplitudes as an indicator of systemic inflammatory response. SEP monitoring may be a sensitive marker of developing early changes in cerebral function due to SIRS-related encephalopathy.


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