The Asymptomatic HBs-Ag Carrier: Auto- and Heterologous Perils

Steigmann, Frederick; Dourdourekas, Demetrios; Canlas, Noel
June 1976
American Journal of Gastroenterology;Jun1976, Vol. 65 Issue 6, p512
Academic Journal
The asymptomatic carrier--usually discovered on offering to be a blood donor--presents a complex health problem which to date has received only "guarded" attention. These carriers may be dangerous, because they can transmit the HBs-Ag not only by parenteral but also by "nonparenteral" means, due to its presence in urine, feces, saliva, tears, semen, vaginal discharge, menstrual flow, breast milk, joint, ascitic and cerebrospinal fluids. The transmission by sexual contact is well established. Inapparent transmission may also occur from insufficient sterilization of instruments, by tatooing, ear piercing, by barbers, manicurists, dentists and by mosquitoes and bedbugs. Some of the characteristics of an asymptomatic HBs-Ag carrier seem to be: a young male, most often black, from a poor social and hygienic environment with a possible gene dependent immune deficiency state. Our experiences suggest that all newly admitted patients to the hospital and all hospital personnel should have determinations of the presence of HBs-Ag in their blood, so that adequate steps can be taken to protect their contacts from infection.


Related Articles

  • THE BOYZ DOC. WATERS, LAURA // BOYZ;7/23/2015, Issue 1246, p44 

    The article provides an answer to a question on the effects of having sexual intercourse with a person infected with hepatitis C.

  • Sex, Drugs, and Hepatitis C Virus. Hahn, Judith A. // Journal of Infectious Diseases;6/1/2007, Vol. 195 Issue 11, p1556 

    The article presents the author's views related to the transmission of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) with reference to sexual intercourse and drug abuse. The author comments that the conflicting data about sexual transmission given in an article on transmission of Hepatitis C Virus published in the...

  • Annual Surveillance Report for 2007.  // HIV Australia;Sep-Dec2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p4 

    The article summarizes the 2007 Annual Surveillance Report issued by the National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research in Australia. The report indicates an increase in the number of reported cases of HIV infections in Australia in 2006, with 998 new diagnoses. It reveals that HIV...

  • Measuring the Infectiousness of Persons with HIV-1: Opportunities for Preventing Sexual HIV-1 Transmission. Baeten, J.M.; Overbaugh, J. // Current HIV Research;Jan2003, Vol. 1 Issue 1, p69 

    Methods to reduce sexual transmission of HIV-1 are urgently needed to slow the global HIV-1 epidemic. These methods should include interventions that minimize susceptibility in uninfected populations at risk, as well as interventions that decrease the infectiousness of HIV-1 infected...

  • Lack of Evidence of Sexual Transmission of Hepatitis C Virus in a Prospective Cohort Study of Men Who Have Sex With Men. Alary, Michel; Joly, Jean R.; Vincelette, Jean; Lavoie, RenĂ©; Turmel, Bruno; Remis, Robert S. // American Journal of Public Health;Mar2005, Vol. 95 Issue 3, p502 

    Objectives. We studied the prevalence and incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the ongoing Omega Cohort Study of men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods. From January to September 2001, consenting men (n = 1085) attending a follow-up visit to the ongoing Omega Cohort Study were...

  • Sexual Transmission of HCV between Spouses. Tahan, Veysel; Karaca, Cetin; Yildirim, Beytullah; Bozbas, Aysun; Ozaras, Resat; Demir, Kadir; Avsar, Erol; Mert, Ali; Besisik, Fatih; Kaymakoglo, Sabahattin; Senturk, Hakan; Cakaloglu, Yilmaz; Kalayci, Cem; Okten, Atilla; Tozun, Nurdan // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Apr2005, Vol. 100 Issue 4, p821 

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is debated. By excluding other risk factors, the role of sexual intercourse in the transmission could be detected more accurately. We screened HCV prevalence and risk factors in the spouses of chronic hepatitis C (CHC)...

  • Hepatitis C and Unsafe Sex: There Is Some Risk.  // AIDS Treatment News;6/24/2005, Issue 413, p5 

    Reports on the role of unsafe sex in transmitting hepatitis C. Prevalence of the transmission of the disease through needle sharing; Number of new cases of the disease due to unsafe sex; Assessment of the risk of sexual transmission of the disease.

  • Incidence and estimated rates of residual risk for HIV, hepatitis C, hepatitis B and human T-cell lymphotropic viruses in blood donors in Canada, 1990--2000. Chiavetta, Jo Anne; Escobar, Michael; Newman, Alice; He, Yaohua; Driezen, Pete; Deeks, Shelley; Hone, Devon; O'Brien, Sheila; Sher, Graham // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;10/14/2003, Vol. 169 Issue 8, p767 

    Background: Since 1990, the Canadian Red Cross Society and Canadian Blood Services have been testing blood donors for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody and HCV nucleic acids and have supplemented HIV antibody testing with p24 antigen testing. We report trends in the incidence of...

  • Bridging the data gaps in the epidemiology of hepatitis C virus infection in Malaysia using multi-parameter evidence synthesis. McDonald, Scott A.; Mohamed, Rosmawati; Dahlui, Maznah; Naning, Herlianna; Kamarulzaman, Adeeba // BMC Infectious Diseases;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Collecting adequate information on key epidemiological indicators is a prerequisite to informing a public health response to reduce the impact of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Malaysia. Our goal was to overcome the acute data shortage typical of low/middle income countries...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics