White organic light-emitting diodes based on spectral broadening in electroluminescence due to formation of interfacial exciplexes

Singh, Samarendra P.; Mohapatra, Y. N.; Qureshi, M.; Sundar Manoharan, S.
March 2005
Applied Physics Letters;3/14/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 11, p113505
Academic Journal
We demonstrate white organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) having spectral width of approximately 260 nm in electroluminescence (EL) in a simple bilayer structure, consisting of TPD and zinc benzothiazole, without taking recourse to complex strategies such as blending and doping. The EL is broader than the corresponding photoluminescence (PL) of both component materials and their structures. A deconvolution of PL and EL spectra shows that as large as 60% of the broad EL emission originates from multiple exciplexes formed at the interface during electrical excitation.


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