Interband cascade detectors with room temperature photovoltaic operation

Li, Jian V.; Yang, Rui Q.; Hill, Cory J.; Chuang, Shun Lien
March 2005
Applied Physics Letters;3/7/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 10, p101102
Academic Journal
We investigated mid-infrared interband cascade laser structures as photodetectors, which are sensitive to normal incidence and operate in photovoltaic mode at room temperature. The proposed operation principle of these interband cascade detectors is based on the unique combination of interband photoexcitation and the much faster intersubband relaxation as well as interband tunneling recombination, which allows for the efficient collection of the photoexcited carriers. Peak responsivity and detectivity of 21 mA/W and 7.1×108 cm Hz1/2/W at λ=4.0 μm are obtained for a device with cutoff wavelength of 4.4 μm. Peak responsivity and detectivity of 46 mA/W and 1.4×109 cm Hz1/2/W at λ=3.0 μm are obtained for another device with cutoff wavelength of 3.3 μm. These detectors exhibit low noise (4.8×10-13 A/Hz1/2) and a large product of the differential resistance and active area (19 Ω cm2) at room temperature.


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